Listening B1/B2↓: ‘Tourism” (gap fill)

1. Listen to understand the general meaning of the audio and chill out. Just that. DON’T READ THE TEXT.

2. Now, listen as you read the following text and complete the gaps:

Tourism has 1_____________________ the past few decades. It is actually quite a new thing. It 2_____________________ fifty years ago. The only people who travelled then were rich, and they 3_____________________. I guess tourism started in the late 60s and early 70s when airplane travel became cheap. The 4_____________________ suddenly became very 5_____________________. Everyone wanted their two weeks of sun in the summer. Tourism today is a multi-billion-dollar industry. There 6_____________________ the Earth untouched by tourism. The number of tourists 7_____________________. Millions of people from Russia, India and China are now taking vacations. Tourism really is making the world a global village. I’m not sure 8_____________________ or a bad thing.

3. Correct the spelling of the crazy words in the text:

Tourism has changed a lot over the past few edacdes. It is ctaualyl quite a new thing. It probably didn’t exist fifty years ago. The only people who travelled then were rich, and they were called travelers. I guess tourism started in the late 60s and early 70s when raaneipl travel became cheap. The idea of foreign travel snuddley became very popular with millions. Everyone wanted their two weeks of sun in the summer. Tourism today is a multi-loilinb-dollar ndtuysir. There is hardly a ncrroe of the Earth dthouncue by tourism. The number of tourists is also rtcginkoe. Millions of people from Russia, India and China are now taking antsaoivc. Tourism really is making the world a global village. I’m not sure if this is a good or a bad thing.

4. Unjumble the chaotic sentences (put them in the correct order).

Tourism past a few lot decades over has the changed. It is actually quite a new thing. It probably didn’t exist fifty years ago. The rich were then travelled who people only, and they were called travelers. I guess tourism started in the late 60s became early when travel and 70s airplane cheap. idea foreign suddenly The of travel became very popular with millions. weeks their Everyone two wanted of sun in the summer. Tourism today is a multi-billion-dollar industry. of corner a hardly is There Earth the untouched by tourism. The number of tourists is also rocketing. Millions of people from Russia, India and China are now taking Tourism . vacations making is really the world a global village. if a a sure is or not this good I’m bad thing.

↓↓↓↓↓SCRIPT & ANSWERS ↓↓↓↓↓

Script:

Tourism has changed a lot over the past few decades. It is actually quite a new thing. It probably didn’t exist fifty years ago. The only people who travelled then were rich, and they were called travelers. I guess tourism started in the late 60s and early 70s when airplane travel became cheap. The idea of foreign travel suddenly became very popular with millions. Everyone wanted their two weeks of sun in the summer. Tourism today is a multi-billion-dollar industry. There is hardly a corner of the Earth untouched by tourism. The number of tourists is also rocketing. Millions of people from Russia, India and China are now taking vacations. Tourism really is making the world a global village. I’m not sure if this is a good or a bad thing.

Answers:
1: change a lot over
2: probably didn’t exist
3: were called travellers
4: idea of foreign travel
5: popular with millions
6: is hardly a corner of
7: is also rocketing
8: if this is a good

Listening B1/B2↓: ‘Airports” (gap fill)

1. Listen to understand the general meaning of the audio and chill out. Just that. DON’T READ THE TEXT.

2. Now, listen as you read the following text and complete the gaps:

Aren’t airports 1. ____________________ ? There’s so much happening in them. People coming, 2. ____________________ ; people crying with sadness because they’re going away, people 3. ___________________ because they’ve arrived. Big airports are almost 4. ___________________ . It seems like you walk across a town by the time you check in and 5. ____________________ departure gate. The thing I like most about airports is people watching. There are people 6. ___________________ the world. I also like how everything fits and 7. ______________________ . You check your luggage in and then it disappears, 8. ______________________ it again at the next airport. I still think airports need improving. There’s 9. ___________________ to do there. Airports really need to have an entertainment area so 10. _______________ time.

3. Correct the spelling of the crazy words in the text:

Aren’t airports aenrtsg places? There’s so much happening in them. People coming, people going; people gyinrc with sadness because they’re going away, people crying with joy because they’ve ridreva. Big airports are almost like small towns. It seems like you walk soarsc a town by the time you check in and get to your etdrepaur gate. The thing I like most about airports is people aigchtwn. There are people from all over the world. I also like how everything fits and works trgohete. You check your gluageg in and then it disappears, before you see it again at the next airport. I still think airports need gmiirnovp. There’s not a lot to do there. Airports really need to have an anitnetrtneem area so people can kill time.

4. Unjumble the chaotic sentences (put them in the correct order).

places strange airports Aren’t? There’s so much happening in them. People coming, people going; people with they’re sadness crying because going away, people crying with joy because they’ve arrived. Big airports are almost towns small like. It seems like you walk across a town you time the by get and in check to your departure gate. The thing I like most is about people airports watching. There are people from all over the world. I also works and fits everything how like together. You check your disappears luggage in and then it, before you see it again at the next airport. I still think airports need improving. do There’s a to there not lot. Airports really need to have an entertainment area so people can kill time.

↓↓↓↓↓SCRIPT & ANSWERS ↓↓↓↓↓

Script:

Aren’t airports aenrtsg places? There’s so much happening in them. People coming, people going; people gyinrc with sadness because they’re going away, people crying with joy because they’ve ridreva. Big airports are almost like small towns. It seems like you walk soarsc a town by the time you check in and get to your etdrepaur gate. The thing I like most about airports is people aigchtwn. There are people from all over the world. I also like how everything fits and works trgohete. You check your gluageg in and then it disappears, before you see it again at the next airport. I still think airports need gmiirnovp. There’s not a lot to do there. Airports really need to have an anitnetrtneem area so people can kill time.

Answers:
1: strange places
2: people going
3: crying with joy
4: small towns
5: get to your
6: from all over
7: works together
8: beforee you see
9: not a lot
10: poeple can kill

Listening B1: ‘How to be on time’ (multiple choice)

Listen and watch twice. First listen to get a general idea of what the video is about, then read the questions and watch the video again to listen for the answers.

Now lok at the questions, and choose the answer you think is correct for each one. There may be MORE THAN ONE RIGHT ANSWER for some questions.

1) Which of these things does the video suggest doing to avoid being late?

a) setting a reminder 15 minutes before an event
b) setting a reminder one hour before an event
c) giving yourself a reminder the day before an event

2) How much time does the video suggest adding to the time you think you’ll need?

a) 25%
b) twenty five minutes
c) twenty minutes

3) Which of these things does the video suggest you do to avoid being late? 

a) always have some money to spare to pay for unplanned expenses
b) ask a friend to call you and remind you about appointments
c) keep your gas (or petrol) tank one-quarter full at all times

4) How many meetings take place in America on average day?

a) 17 million
b) 70 million
c) 7 million

5) The time of day that you schedule events for doesn’t really matter.

a) False
b) True
c) the video doesn’t say

↓↓↓↓↓ ANSWERS ↓↓↓↓↓

Answers:
1: A&B
2: A
3: A&C
4: A
5: A

Listening A2↑/B1↓: Lifestyle options

Adam talks about some of his different lifestyle choices and how we prefers to live his life.

Answer the following questions about the interview, there is just one correct answer per question, then read the key words and do the exercise and check your answers to the listening:

1) He wants a house because he ____ . 
a) has car
b) has a dog
c) plays loud music

2) He would like to live ____ the city.  
a) far from
b) less than an hour from
c) in the heart of

3) He says he _____ a pet .  
a) has never wanted
b) would like to have
c) already has

4) He would like to live near _____ .  
a) Seattle
b) Portland
c) San Diego

5) He likes apartments _____ .  
a) more than houses
b) for having no upkeep
c) near colleges

↓↓↓↓↓ KEY WORDS AND ANSWERS ↓↓↓↓↓

Key words
Yard
I like to have a yard or a small garden.

A yard is the outdoor area that surrounds a house. Notice the following:

  1. We have a big back yard and a small front yard.
  2. We have a dog, so we need a yard.

Tied down
 I am not a person that likes to be tied down so much.

When you are tied down, you are not free to do other things. Notice the following:

  1. Married people are more tied down than single people.
  2. I can’t leave yet. I am still tied down with work.

Upkeep
You don’t have the upkeep and the responsibility.

Upkeep is the work that is needed to maintain something, usually for a house. Notice the following:

  1. This house has little upkeep, except for the yard.
  2. An older car will need more upkeep than a newer one.

Peace and quiet
I like peace and quiet and nature.

If you like peace and quiet, you like a calm setting. Notice the following:

  1. After a long day, I just want peace and quiet.
  2. I moved here for the peace and quiet of the countryside.

Hustle and bustle
I like the hustle and bustle of the big city.

Hustle and bustle refers to the fast-paced life of living in a big city. Notice the following:

  1. I hate the hustle and bustle of the city.
  2. It takes awhile to get used to the hustle and bustle of the city.

Settle down
I will settle down somewhere.

Here, settling down refers to staying in one place for a long time and starting a family. Notice the following:

  1. It is hard for some young people to settle down.
  2. I hope to settle down in a few years.

Exercise: complete the following sentences with one of the previous words.

  1. This house needs a lot of __________  .
  2. I want to  __________  and start a family.
  3. I love the  __________  of the library.
  4. I hate the __________   of downtown.
  5. He is   __________ so he can’t travel.
  6. I need a big  __________  for my dog.

Answers:
1: C
2: B
3: B
4: A
5: B

C1 – Multiple Choice Cloze Exercise

1. Singers take care of their voice to guarantee ________ performance. 

high
summit
optimum
prime

2. Even if you can’t quit smoking, you should do your best to at least ________ down a bit.

cut
break
push
make

3. The charity dance raised $5000 and the hospital was able to buy a new heart _______.

scanner
scope
sight
viewer

4. It is often only through long experiments of trial and ________ that scientific progress is made.

failure
error
mistake
fault

5. The working day in the factory is divided into day and night ________.

 works
duties
shifts
labours

6. The job is tough, lonely and yes, on ________, even depressing.

time
moment
times
occasion

7. The shopping centre was built surrounded by a vast ________ of concrete for parking.

scope
field
extent
range

8. Every person in this room has ________ an important part in the success of the company.

played
added
made
put

↓↓↓↓↓ANSWERS ↓↓↓↓↓

Answers:
1. optimum
2. cut
3. scanner
4. error
5. shift
6. occasion
7. extent
8. played

Listening C1: Organic food

You’ll hear a commentator talking about the importance of organic food. Complete the notes using one word or a short phrase:

Audio here

↓↓↓↓↓ANSWERS ↓↓↓↓↓

Answers:
1. tastes (so) good
2. intensively produced
3. antibiotics
4. cramped/crowded conditions
5. 2.5 million
6. agro-chemicals
7. Wholesalers and retailers
8. Buy more
9. Health problems
10. Organically

Listening B1: Going Paleo

John talks about how he changed his diet to improve his health after he was feeling sick and unhealthy.

Paleo Diet

Answer the following questions about the interview, there is just one correct answer per question, then read the key words and do the exercise and check your answers to the listening:

1) He changed his diet so he _____ . 
a) could lose weight
b) feel healthier
c) gain weight

2) He tries to avoid _____ food.  
a) processed
b) paleo
c) chopped

3) He says you can eat _____ .  
a) hot dogs
b) saugage
c) steak

4) He says the diet made him feel _____ .  
a) hungry
b) better
c) worse

5) He says carbohydrates makes him feel _____ .  
a) energetic
b) tired
c) hungry

↓↓↓↓↓ KEY WORDS AND ANSWERS ↓↓↓↓↓

Key words
On Purpose
We didn’t grow plants on purpose.
When you do something ‘on purpose’, you intend or plan to do it. Notice the following:

  1. She is made at me, so she hit me on purpose.
  2. I failed the test on purpose. I want to take the class again

Refined
These foods are refined foods.
When we refine something, we change it to make it a certain way. Notice the following:

  1. His English is very refined.
  2. Refined foods are usually very tasty.

Processed
I like raw vegetables and fresh fruit and meat that isn’t processed.
Processed food is food that has been changed and is not natural. Notice the following:

  1. Most food in a box is processed.
  2. Processed food is cheap but unhealthy.

It turns out
It turns out fresh vegetables and fresh fruits can be cheaper.
We use the phrase ‘it turns out’ to express something that is not expected. Notice the following:

  1. It turns out the movie is free. We don’t have to pay.
  2. I thought I have school tomorrow but it turns out it is a national holiday.

Chop
You have to wash it and chop it.
When you chop something, you cut it into small pieces. Notice the following:

  1. You need to chop up the vegetables.
  2. Can you chop the carrots?

Crust
Pizza has a crust.
The crust is the hard part of the bread on the outer edge. Notice the following:

  1. I often do not eat the crust of my bread.
  2. The crust of the pizza is not very tasty.

Exercise: complete the following sentences with one of the previous words

  1. I love to eat the _________  of a pizza.
  2. I avoid processed food and _________   sugar.
  3. You did that  _________  !
  4. I don’t eat _________  food like salami or cheese.
  5. It _________  he is married.
  6. I need to  _________  up this fruit for the salad.

Answers:
1: B
2: A
3: C
4: B
5: B

SEASONS IN ENGLAND

So called possession on the weather in England has given the birth to numerous amount of proverbs. The importance to be well-informed about the meteorological future is indisputable, especially when it is absolutely difficult to predict.

Thanks to the fact that the country is surrounded with the sea waters and the ocean, the climate is characterised as high humid. So, the unpredictable freaks of nature are stable only in the frequency of rains in spring and autumn. 

The oceanic character of the climate (it is nominated as a maritime climate too) is dictated by the warm influence of Gulf Stream. The variety of it is possible to feel comparing the coldest Northern-Eastern parts and completely different weather conditions in South-East and certainly, in the capital of England.

The other internal emblem is the mists and heavy fogs which are given the epithet to the island as Misty Albion by the ancient tribes.

Spring in England

People said that the English spring is the mostly beautiful season in the year. The blossoming renaissance of the nature is proceeding from February till June. Exactly these months are famous with luxuriant flowering due to more than sufficient amount of sun energy. The country is literally is sinking in flowers. The heaths in Yorkshire, rhododendrons in London, narcissus and tulips in Leeds and the Northern primrose are the marks of this season as much as the famous spring fragrance. The world reflected in the little drop of the dew, early morning mist, ravishing flavour are the symbol of spring and the life itself.

Probably, this is the reason why English people often make up holidays exactly during this season. The first Monday of May and Easter are holidays. To celebrate the occasion of the other religion feasts are common in England too.

The Mother’s day is celebrated on the 26th of March in England. The picturesque feast of St. George Day, who is the patron of the country, is on 23 April.  Red rouses as a gift, traditional dishes such as roast beef and pudding always support the celebration.

The custom of April Fool’s Day which is earlier in April is also well known and very popular with English people.

Climate of the Spring Months

March
Max average t°: +11 °C (52 °F)
Min average t°: +3 °C (38 °F)
Sundial in the day: 6 hours
Rainy days: 3 days
Precipitation: 34 mm (1.3″)
April
Max average t°: +14 °C (57 °F)
Min average t°: +6 °C (42 °F)
Sundial in the day: 7 hours
Rainy days: 3 days
Precipitation: 43 mm (1.7″)
May
Max average t°: +18 °C (64 °F)
Min average t°: +9 °C (48 °F)
Sundial in the day: 7.5 hours
Rainy days: 4 days
Precipitation: 51 mm (2.0″)

(London)

Spring Holidays

So, the list of feast for this season looks like:

Mother’s day (the 26th of March)
St. George Day (the 23rd of April)

Pancake Day (movable feast)
Easter (movable feast)
May Day (the 1st of May)

Summer in England

The reference to the sonnet of the Bard of Avon is not random. There is a noticeable difference with the continental summer. In England is colder; the numerous monsoons and heavy rains happen in general during the second part of the season. Nevertheless, the hottest month is July when the temperature reaches 28 degree centigrade. The weather in summer is more stable.

Exactly this season attracts millions of tourists that are crowding cities and costs of the country. If you are one of them do not miss the Queen’s Birthday Parade which is more than impressive event. Henley Royal Regatta or Swan Upping on the river Themes could fascinate the whole family too. If you are fond of tennis to visit Wimbledon Tennis Championships is the splendid opportunity.

Generally, English people prefer to abandon urban life style and tend to go to the coast too, where it is so delightful to enjoy the marine leisure time. They know well too how to predict the weather for vacation: St Swithin’s Day (the 15th of July) indicates how will be the meteorological conditions for the next 40 days. Father’s Day is celebrated in this month too..

Climate of the Summer Months

June
Max average t°: +21.5 °C (71 °F)
Min average t°: +12 °C (53 °F)
Sundial in the day: 8 hours
Rainy days: 4 days
Precipitation: 51 mm (2.0″)
July
Max average t°: +23.5 °C (75 °F)
Min average t°: +14 °C (57 °F)
Sundial in the day: 9 hours
Rainy days: 3 days
Precipitation: 52 mm (2.1″)
August
Max average t°: +23 °C (74 °F)
Min average t°: +13 °C (56 °F)
Sundial in the day: 8 hours
Rainy days: 4 days
Precipitation: 62 mm (2.4″)

(London)

Summer Holidays

It is possible to specify the remarkable dates again:

The Queen’s Birthday Parade (complex celebration)
Father’s Day (3rd Sunday of June)
Henley Royal Regatta (the date is variable)

Swan Upping (the date is variable)
Wimbledon Tennis Championships (the date is variable)
St Swithin’s Day (the 15th of July)

Autumn in England

There is the other example of poetic seasonal muse that inspired John Keats even despite the fact that, probably, English autumn is less bright and colourful than in the other countries.

The sun does not heat so strong from September, the temperature is getting low, and it is warm and dry till rainy October. Before November Atlantic monsoon brings thunder clouds when whole England wraps up in grey shawl of mists and the dankest weather is coming. It looks like the most viscid and stifling clouds descend till the ground, concealing the world and preventing the sun rays struggle through the dense fog veil. This kind of weather prolong till the beginning of December.

The atmosphere itself asks for the holiday. Autumn begins with the Harvest Festival which is unlike the other countries is not a public holiday.

The next month is renowned with one of the mostly beloved and world-famous celebration of Halloween but nor less amusing is Potato Day which symbolized the day of it harvest in the past. Nowadays it is simply October Holidays.

November is the month of the vividly sparkling feast – the Guy Fawkes Night when the country is saluting and lighting up with fireworks. Remembrance Day precedes it and dedicated to the memory of fallen for their country.

Climate of the Autumn Months

September
Max average t°: +20 °C (68 °F)
Min average t°: +11 °C (52 °F)
Sundial in the day: 7 hours
Rainy days: 2 days
Precipitation: 31 mm (1.2″)
October
Max average t°: +16 °C (60 °F)
Min average t°: +8 °C (46 °F)
Sundial in the day: 5 hours
Rainy days: 3 days
Precipitation: 38 mm (1.5″)
November
Max average t°: +11 °C (52 °F)
Min average t°: +4.5 °C (40 °F)
Sundial in the day: 4 hours
Rainy days: 4 days
Precipitation: 46 mm (1.8″)

(London)

Autumn Holidays

Summarizing the famous feasts, let’s mention:

Harvest Festival (about the 23rd of September)
Halloween (the 31st of October)

Guy Fawkes Night (the 5th of November)
Remembrance Day (the 11th of November)

Winter in England

English winter is far from the classic Russian one; it is rather European autumn. The temperature is rare under zero and when the thermometer falling eight degrees frost is the apocalyptic disaster of English people.

The rivers are virtually doing not freeze, so the inhabitants of England are deprived to skate on it. In London you hardly would find the snow. The time when England could be covered with it is a question of a few days, averagely more close to Christmas time. During the other months English winter is not so attractive; there are misty, dank damp weather, rains and strong winds.

Certainly, Christmas, New Year and the St. Valentine Day in February also are the most beloved celebration in England.  The other feasts like Boxing Day (on the following day after Xmas) and Bank Holiday are popular too. During the last one it would be pure waste of time to find even one open bank.

Climate of the Winter Months

December
Max average t°: +9 °C (48 °F)
Min average t°: +3 °C (37 °F)
Sundial in the day: 3.5 hours
Rainy days: 5 days
Precipitation: 55 mm (2.2″)
January
Max average t°: +8 °C (46 °F)
Min average t°: +2 °C (35 °F)
Sundial in the day: 4 hours
Rainy days: 4 days
Precipitation: 32 mm (1.3″)
February
Max average t°: +8 °C (46 °F)
Min average t°: +2 °C (35 °F)
Sundial in the day: 4 hours
Rainy days: 3 days
Precipitation: 36 mm (1.4″)

(London)

Winter Holidays

Drawing conclusions, the main winter feasts are:

Christmas (the 25th of December)
Boxing Day (the 26th of December)

New Year (the 1st of January)
Bank Holiday (the date is variable)
St. Valentine Day (the 14th of February)

Listening C1: Trip to South Africa

You will hear a student called Josh Brady talking about visiting South Africa as part of his university course in botany. For questions 7-15, complete the sentences with a word or short phrase.

AUDIO: FROM 9:20 TO 16:04

↓↓↓↓↓ ANSWERS ↓↓↓↓↓

Answers:
7: REPORT
8: FIRE
9: (RED) TEA
10: SAFARI TRUCK
11: NEEDLES
12: (DEEP) ORANGE
13: PARADISE
14: ROOF